Jewish and Roman Rulers

Date Roman Emperors Roman Prefects/Procurators of Judea and Samaria Roman Prefects/ Procurators of All Israel Herodian Dynasty (37b.c.a.d.93) Herodian Dynasty (37 b.c.a.d. 93) Jewish High Priests
40b.c.
38 Herod the Great (37b.c.–4 b.c.)
36
34
32
30
28 Augustus (31b.c.a.d. 14)
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4 Philip (4b.c.a.d.34) Archelaus (4b.c.a.d.6) Antipas (4b.c.a.d.39) Joazar son of Boethus (4 b.c.) Eleazar son of Boethus (4b.c.–?)
2 Jesus son of Sie (3b.c.a.d. 6)
a.d. 2
4
6 Coponius ( a.d. 6–9) Annas (a.d. 6–15)
8 Marcus Ambibulus (a.d.9–12)
10
12 Annius Rufus (a.d. 12–15)
14 Tiberius ( a.d. 14–37) Ishmael son of Phiabi (a.d. 15–16)
16 Valerius Gratus (a.d.15–26) Eleazar son of Annas (a.d. 16–17)
18 Simon son of Camithus (a.d. 17–18) Josephus Caiaphas
20 son-in-law of Annas (a.d. 18–36)
22
24
26 Pontius Pilate (a.d. 26–36/37)
28
30
32
34
36 Marcellus ( a.d. 36/37) Agrippa I (a.d. 37, 41–44) Jonathan son of Annas (a.d. 36–37) Theophilus son of Annas
38 Gaius ( a.d. 37–41) Marullus (a.d. 37–41) (a.d. 37–41)
40 Simon Cantheras son of Boethus (a.d. 41) Matthias son of Annas (a.d.41–44)
42 Claudius ( a.d. 41–54)
44 Fadus (a.d.44–46) Agrippa II (a.d. 44–92/93) Elionaeus son of Cantheras (a.d. 44–46)
46 Tiberius Alexander (a.d. 46–48) Ananias son of Nedebaeus (a.d. 47–58)
48 Ventidius Cumanus (a.d. 48–52)
50
52 Felix (a.d.52–60)
54 Nero ( a.d. 54–68)
56
58
60 Porcius Festus (a.d.60–62)
62 Albinus (a.d.62–64) Ananus son of Annas (a.d. 62)
64 Gesius Florus (a.d. 64–66)
66
68 Galba/Otho/Vitellius ( a.d. 68)
70 Vespasian ( a.d. 69–79)
72
74
76
78 Titus (a.d. 79–81)
80 Domitian (a.d. 81–96)
90 Nerva (a.d. 96–98)
100 Trajan (a.d. 98–117)
120 Hadrian (a.d. 117–138)
140 Antonius Pius (a.d.138–161)
160 Marcus Aurelius (a.d. 161–180)
with Lucius Verus (a.d. 161–169)

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