The Twelve Apostles

Matthew 10:2–4 Mark 3:16–19 Luke 6:14–16 John (various verses) Acts 1:13
1. Simon, who is called Peter 1. Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter) 1. Simon, whom he named Peter Simon Peter (1:40–42) 1. Peter
2. Andrew his [Simon Peter’s] brother 4. Andrew 2. Andrew his [Simon Peter’s] brother Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother (1:40) 4. Andrew
3. James the son of Zebedee 2. James the son of Zebedee 3. James unnamed son of Zebedee (21:2) 3. James
4. John his [James’s] brother 3. John the brother of James 4. John unnamed son of Zebedee (21:2) 2. John
5. Philip 5. Philip 5. Philip Philip of Bethsaida (1:43–44) 5. Philip
6. Bartholomew 6. Bartholomew 6. Bartholomew Nathanael of Cana (1:45–49; 21:2)** 7. Bartholomew
7. Thomas 8. Thomas 8. Thomas Thomas called the Twin (11:16) 6. Thomas
8. Matthew the tax collector 7. Matthew (Levi, son of Alphaeus, a tax collector, 2:14) 7. Matthew (Levi, tax collector, 5:27) 8. Matthew
9. James the son of Alphaeus 9. James the son of Alphaeus 9. James the son of Alphaeus 9. James the son of Alphaeus
10. Thaddaeus 10. Thaddaeus 11. Judas the son of James Judas (not Iscariot) (14:22) 11. Judas the son of James
11. Simon the Zealot 11. Simon the Zealot 10. Simon who was called the Zealot 10. Simon the Zealot
12. Judas Iscariot 12. Judas Iscariot 12. Judas Iscariot Judas the son of Simon Iscariot (6:71) 12. Matthias replaces Judas [who had died] (Acts 1:26)

*Others in the NT are regarded as apostles besides the Twelve, notably James the brother of Jesus (Acts 15:12–21; 1 Cor. 15:7; Gal. 1:19), Paul (Acts 14:4, 14; 1 Cor. 9:1; 15:8–9), and Barnabas (Acts 14:4, 14).

**Nathanael is probably Bartholomew, since he is closely associated with Philip. He is certainly not Levi/Matthew, who already has two names and who was from Capernaum. It is possible but unlikely that he is Thaddeus/Judas or Simon the Zealot.

Comments